Sumo – Sport, Ways, Community & Rituality

Sumo – Sport, Ways, Community & Rituality

A massive system and a strong musculature are thus simple in order to setup issue the potency of the fresh new opponent

Sumo are a regular Japanese endeavor and has now old roots. Sumo has its own roots on the preferred customs and you will faith and you may new professional wrestlers entitled “rikishi” is venerated and you can raised so you’re able to different types of virtuous conduct.

Sumo has its root in Shinto religion: at first skilled as the a ritual, sumo have been a kind of spiritual battle with the fresh gods, invoked to ensure that this new accumulate is rich and plentiful. Proof of so it outcomes of sumo and you may Shinto is in the design of ring, very similar to a refuge about what until the beginning of the for each and every fight is actually tossed a beneficial fistful of salt so you can purify it. The first sumo wrestlers was indeed samurai and you may ronin, whom practiced this form of wrestling for purely leisure intentions and you may to improve the new monthly income.

Just after numerous gains, sumo wrestlers normally reach the review regarding Yokozuna otherwise «huge learn»; simple fact is that high name which are achieved by a wrestler

Regarding 8th millennium sumo are delivered on the ceremonies from the fresh Imperial Courtroom, so an important festival was organized every year. Inside the exact same months, the principles away from fight were «refined» removing punches such as for example kicks and you may blows. Today it is felt a modern artwork off combat and that is the activity icon off The japanese, plus practised from the West professional athletes but Sumo guidelines remain real time some life dating back to ancient times, such as the the means to access colorful mawashi, a good thong made from a lengthy ribbon and you may finish which have an effective belt; new hair style of one’s wrestlers, entitled oicho, a knot you to recalls the design of ginko leaf; using the dohyo, a good straw-mainly based ring raised from the crushed; the new grading program accustomed confirm the thinking of your own wrestlers. The fresh new referee has actually a partner one symbolises their authority and you will an excellent dagger one recalls the existing lifestyle when he was completely wrong inside the judging an athlete will have killed himself.

Till the battle the new professional athletes, whom follow a particular diet to arrive how much they weigh as well as the same time are nevertheless nimble and you can solid, defeat its ft hard regarding the band and you can participate in an effective routine out-of filtering of your own surface about what they will challenge. So it ritual is a very clear mention of the Shinto religion and you can towards dances you to definitely when you look at the ancient times was indeed practised during the temples of the wrestlers. Regarding the pounds of your own sumo wrestlers, it might seem a genuine contradiction you to a specialist athlete, when you are continuously practising serious activities knowledge, have like a significant lbs. Gaining weight try a vital area about preparation being an even wrestler. Accepting the condition of converting their unique system to help you achieve profit and you will notoriety setting he has got knew the newest thinking off Sumo, and are usually centered on that it epic sport and able to place their lessons to your habit. Over a hobby, it is best understand it as an existence and you can wrestlers are seen as the personifications away from an old artwork out of assaulting. The word Sumo actually form tugging at every most other. The latest earn are awarded toward finger which been able to belongings the newest enemy or even to push him from the Dohyo. Along these lines the fresh new wrestler also provides better effectiveness the newest movements out-of training, overturning and you can dragging out of one’s ring.

Japanese wrestlers is actually competed in unique Sumo colleges entitled hi. You will find currently more than 50 hi distributed throughout the The japanese. Who owns the institution is named Oyakata. The Oyakata try a former large-level wrestler. More youthful apprentices is actually hired in the age of 15. Valuing Japanese culture and you can community, the institution remains their property during the aggressive field.

On a yearly basis, six competitions are held, for every single long-term fifteen months. For every single wrestler provides an everyday matches. The fresh event was acquired because of the rikishi exactly who acquired probably the most fits. That have seven matches claimed the fresh new wrestler increases on the classification, having eight lost relegated to the all the way down class. At the conclusion of per tournament the new banzuke (ranking) is actually drawn. The newest honbasho or perhaps the certified elite group sumo competition, take place only inside the weird month. During the Tokyo can be done to see a fit into the January, Get and September, during Osaka inside March, from inside the Nagoya inside July and also in Fukuoka in November.

Dr. Fernando García

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