Sumo – Athletics, Ways, Culture & Rituality

Sumo – Athletics, Ways, Culture & Rituality

A giant human anatomy and an effective musculature are thus practical so you’re able to set up challenge the strength of the fresh new opponent

Sumo is a normal Japanese endeavor possesses ancient root. Sumo has its sources regarding common traditions and you may faith and the fresh top-notch wrestlers titled “rikishi” are venerated and you can elevated so you can models of virtuous behaviour.

Sumo has its own roots in the Shinto religion: in the beginning experienced because the a routine, sumo were sort of religious battle with this new gods, invoked to ensure that the fresh new gather was steeped and numerous. Evidence of it outcomes of sumo and Shinto is in the framework of one’s ring, nearly the same as a retreat on what until the start of for each strive is actually tossed a good fistful regarding sodium to cleanse it. The first sumo wrestlers have been samurai and you may ronin, which skilled this form of wrestling to possess strictly entertainment aim and you may to increase the monthly income.

After numerous gains, sumo wrestlers can be reach the score away from Yokozuna or «huge master»; it is the high identity that may be accomplished by a wrestler

Throughout the eighth millennium sumo is actually delivered toward ceremonies out-of the fresh Purple Judge, so an essential event is actually organized each year. From inside the exact same period, the principles away from struggle were «refined» eliminating punches particularly kicks and you can punches. Today it is thought a modern art out-of combat which can be the sport symbol out-of The japanese, as well as practised by West players however, Sumo regulations continue live specific living dating back olden days, including the entry to colorful mawashi, an effective thong produced from a long bow and finish with good belt; brand new hair style of the wrestlers, named oicho, good knot one remembers the form of your ginko leaf; the aid of the latest dohyo, good straw-oriented band raised in the surface; brand new progressing program used to establish this new planning of the wrestlers. New referee has an enthusiast you to definitely symbolises their authority and you may an excellent dagger that remembers the existing community that in case he had been completely wrong inside judging a runner would have slain himself.

Up until the fight new athletes, exactly who go after a specific diet to arrive how much they weigh and also at the same time frame are nevertheless agile and good, defeat the base tough about ring and be involved in a good ritual out-of filtering of your crushed on which they are going to endeavor. This routine try a definite reference to the Shinto religion and for the dances one to inside the ancient times was basically practised within the temples because of the wrestlers. Regarding the lbs of your sumo wrestlers, it might seem a genuine contradiction you to a professional athlete, while on a regular basis practising severe activities degree, have such as an essential pounds. Weight gain are an integral area regarding preparation to become an even wrestler. Taking the condition of changing their looks so you can go win and you will notoriety mode he has got understood the brand new opinions off Sumo, and are usually predicated on this epic sport and able to lay its instruction to your behavior. Over an activity, it is better understand it as a lives and you may wrestlers are seen as the personifications out-of an ancient artwork away from assaulting. The expression Sumo virtually setting tugging at each almost every other. The brand new victory was provided on the hand exactly who was able to property the enemy or even push him outside of the Dohyo. Such as this the wrestler now offers greater effectiveness the latest motions out of lifting, overturning and dragging out of one’s band.

Japanese wrestlers was trained in special Sumo schools named hi. You will find currently more than 50 hi distributed throughout Japan. The master of the college is named Oyakata. The latest Oyakata are a former large-top wrestler. Younger apprentices are recruited during the chronilogical age of 15. Respecting Japanese traditions and you may people, the school stays their property during the course of the competitive career.

Annually, six competitions take place, each lasting fifteen weeks. For every single wrestler features a regular suits. The fresh event was obtained by the rikishi who acquired probably the most fits. Having seven battles obtained the brand new wrestler rises for the class, that have eight destroyed relegated towards the lower classification. At the conclusion of for every single tournament the fresh banzuke (ranking) is actually taken. This new honbasho or perhaps the specialized elite sumo contest, are held merely inside unusual day. In Tokyo is possible to see a match from inside the January, Will get and you can Sep, while in Osaka into the March, for the Nagoya inside July along with Fukuoka when you look at the November.

Dr. Fernando García

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